This day in history – August 2, 2022

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Jamaican Elaine Thompson-Herah, who has won the 100m and 200m sprint doubles at back-to-back Olympics, is the first woman to accomplish the feat on this day in 2021 history.

Today is the 215th day of the year 2022. There are 150 days left in the year.

TODAY’S HIGHLIGHTS

2005: French authorities find 351 fetuses and stillborn babies being kept in bags and jars at a Paris hospital.

OTHER EVENTS

1460: King James II of Scotland is killed by a cannon explosion welcoming the arrival of his wife, Queen Mary, at Roxburgh Castle, England.

1492: Christopher Columbus sets sail with three ships, Santa María, Pinta, on his first voyage and Niña from Palos de la Frontera, Spain looking for a route to India across the Atlantic. Instead, he encounters the New World.

1589: Henry of Navarre, first of the Bourbons, succeeds the assassinated Henry III. as king of France.

1807: Former Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr is tried in federal court in Richmond, Virginia for treason. (He is acquitted less than a month later.)

1914: Germany invades Belgium and declares war on France, beginning World War I.

1916: Irish-born British diplomat Roger Casement, a strong supporter of Irish independence, was hanged for treason.

1921: Baseball Commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis refuses to reinstate former Chicago White Sox players involved in the “Black Sox” scandal, despite their acquittals by jury.

1934: Adolf Hitler merges the offices of German Chancellor and President and declares himself the “Führer”.

1936: Jesse Owens of the United States wins the first of his four gold medals at the Berlin Olympics in the 100-meter sprint.

1943: US Army Lt. Gen. George S. Patton beats a private in an army hospital in Sicily and accuses him of cowardice. (Patton was later ordered by General Dwight D. Eisenhower to apologize for this and a second similar episode.) Anti-Nazi demonstrations take place in Milan, Genoa, and other northern Italian cities during World War II.

1949: The National Basketball Association is formed as a merger of the Basketball Association of America and the National Basketball League.

1956: The Gold Coast League Assembly passes Kwame Nkrumah’s resolution calling for independence from Britain.

1958: The nuclear submarine USS Nautilus becomes the first ship to cross the North Pole under water.

1966: Comedian Lenny Bruce, whose salacious brand of satire and black humor got him in trouble with the law, is found dead at his Los Angeles home; he was 40.

1969: Israeli government leaders announce that they will retain the Golan Heights, the Gaza Strip and much of the eastern and southern Sinai Peninsula – lands taken from the Arabs in the June 1967 war.

1972: The US Senate ratifies the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty with the Soviet Union to restrict the use of missile systems capable of defending themselves against missile-launched nuclear weapons. (The US unilaterally withdrew from the treaty in 2002.)

1974: The Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO) declares a de facto ceasefire between rebels and Portuguese troops.

1981: US air traffic controllers went on strike saying they would be fired, which they were, despite a warning from President Ronald Reagan.

1987: The Iran-Contra congressional hearings end with none of the 29 witnesses directly linking President Ronald Reagan to diverting arms sales profits to Nicaraguan rebels.

1988: Hard-line leader Sein Lwin imposes indefinite martial law on the Myanmar capital.

1990: The United States and Soviet Union jointly condemn the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, while Iraqi troops begin to mass along Kuwait’s border with Saudi Arabia.

1991: The Russian branch formally breaks away from the Communist Party of the Soviet Union to form a new party led by reform-minded communists.

1994: Arkansas carries out the nation’s first triple execution in 32 years. Stephen G. Breyer is sworn in as the newest Supreme Court Justice in a private ceremony at Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist’s summer home in Vermont.

1995: Delegates from around 100 nations agree at the UN on a global agreement to prevent overfishing on the high seas.

1997: The politically moderate Mohammad Khatami takes over as President of Iran.

On this day, 1999, the US Department of Justice ordered the government to pay Abraham Zapruder’s heirs $16 million for his film about the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.

1999: The US Department of Justice rules that the government must pay Abraham Zapruder’s heirs $16 million for his film about the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.

2000: The European Union initiates antitrust proceedings against Microsoft.

2001: The International Monetary Fund announces that it will lend Argentina $1.2 billion and provide a $15 billion line of credit to Brazil.

2002: Taiwanese President Chen Shui-bian calls for legislation allowing a referendum to be held on declaring independence from China.

2003: The United Arab Emirates-based satellite television station Al Arabiya airs an audiocassette purportedly by Ayman al-Zawahiri, a top al-Qaeda MP, warning that the US will pay a “heavy price” for freeing prisoners at Guantanamo Bay harm, Cuba.

Phyllis Turner, who was 12 when she left school, will on this day, 2007, at 94, become the world’s oldest recipient of a Master’s degree from the University of Adelaide in Australia.

2007: A 94-year-old great-great-grandmother, Phyllis Turner, who left school at the age of 12, becomes the world’s oldest recipient of a master’s degree from the University of Adelaide in Australia. Toyota says its April-June 2007 profit rose 32.3 percent to a then-record quarterly high, boosted by strong overseas sales and a weaker yen. Iraqis welcome home their Asian Cup-winning soccer team.

2008: At least 145 people are killed in a stampede of pilgrims at a remote Hindu temple in India.

2009: Huge crowds reminiscent of the 1986 “People Power” demonstration take to Manila’s streets to honor the death of former President Corazon Aquino, who captured the hearts of Filipinos by ousting a brutal dictator and promoting democracy kept alive in the Philippines.

2012: The UN General Assembly overwhelmingly denounced Syria’s crackdown on dissidents in a symbolic effort aimed at pushing the deadlocked Security Council and the wider world to take action to end the country’s civil war. Michael Phelps rallies to win the 100m butterfly for his third gold at the London Games and 17th of his career. Missy Franklin sets a world record in the 200m backstroke for the 17-year-old’s third gold in London. 138 skydivers break the world vertical skydive record at speeds of up to 220 miles per hour while flying head down in a massive snowflake formation in northern Illinois. (That record was again surpassed in 2015 by 164 skydivers who fell over central Illinois.)

2016: President Barack Obama reduced the sentences of 214 federal inmates, including 67 to life sentences, in what the White House said was the greatest series of commutations in a single day in more than a century. An Emirates Boeing 777 lands in Dubai and catches fire; All 300 people on board survive, but one firefighter is killed.

2021: Jamaican Elaine Thompson-Herah becomes the first woman to win the 100m and 200m sprint doubles at back-to-back Olympics.

TODAY BIRTHDAYS

Koshaku Yamagata Aritomo, First Prime Minister of Japan (1838-1922); Dolores del Rio, US-Mexican film star (1905-1983); Phyllis Dorothy (PD) James, British crime writer (1920-2014); Tony Bennett, US singer (1926-); Martin Sheen, US actor (1940-); Martha Stewart, US lifestyle guru (1941-).

— AP and Jamaica Observer

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